What Are the Different Types of Manufacturing Processes Used Today?

The global 3D printing marketing size is expected to increase from $13.7 billion in 2020 to $63.5 billion in 2026. And 3D printing is just one of the many different types of manufacturing processes used today.

In fact, there are five main types of manufacturing processes and four main methods.

Read on to understand the differences in various manufacturing processes and the methods used to facilitate them.

Job Shops
Job shops tend to be smaller shops that manufacture batches of items for a client. The batches are typically small and can be very customizable. Setup changes frequently, so the output is slower.

Larger manufacturers will often use job shops for a specific part or a custom piece. A job shop is the right choice if the items in question don’t require a large or standardized production.

Repetitive Manufacturing
Repetitive manufacturing uses assembly lines and relies on continuity and speed. Once the line is set for a particular item, it can continue running that item at a mass rate.

This is preferred for items that are in constant demand, such as certain auto parts, electronic parts, and other consumer items.

Discreet Manufacturing
Discreet manufacturing is similar to repetitive manufacturing in that they both use assembly lines. However, with discreet manufacturing, the item setup changes frequently. These changes could be due to newer models or updated components becoming available.

Process Manufacturing
Process manufacturing has two categories: batch and continuous processing.

Batch processing is kind of a combination of discreet manufacturing and job shop. With batch processing, the machinery is set for a particular batch order. Once that order is completed, the equipment is cleaned and often left until another batch is required, or a new order is received.

Continuous processing is very different from batch processing and more closely resembles repetitive manufacturing. As the name suggests, continuous processing is typically a 24/7 process. However, the raw materials involved are typically gas, liquid, or powder.

Read more: What Are the Different Types of Manufacturing Processes Used Today?